PHY599 (Fall 2005)
Graduate Seminar II:
Nuclear and Particle Physics and Astronomy
- Prof. Aaron Evans
- Email: email@example.com,
Office: ESS 452, Phone: 632-1302,
Office hrs: Th 2:15-4:15pm, or by appointment
- Prof. Bob
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Office:
Physics D-104, Phone: 632-8086
Office hrs: MW 1-2pm, or by appointment
Place and Time:
- Obtain experience in giving oral presentations.
- Learn some of what is happening in these fields.
- Learn about research activities at Stony Brook.
- Attend colloquia and learn about presentation/clarity.
For electronic article access, try the university license
to APS Journals (Physical Review)
electronic preprint archive at Los Alamos);
for searching published work in astronomy, the
service is excellent. For particle physics, the web sites of large experiments
can be helpful in finding publications.
- Each student will give one 30 minute talk, with
5-10 additional minutes to allow for questions and discussion
during and after the talk.
- Make sure to stay close to the allotted time, but don't exceed the time
limit. Be aware that if you speak for significantly longer than the alloted
time, you may be interrupted and not be allowed to finish your presentation.
This is a constraint that is consistent with the practices at many conferences.
- Make sure you have a goal with the presentation: present the essential
(new) physics, provide connections (previous data/theory), present the
underlying concepts, and give a compact summary.
- Your fellow students must be able to learn something (new) from your
presentation: make sure you start at a general level of knowledge.
- Avoid long and complex derivations; provide the essence or the outline of
derivations if needed
- You are responsible for researching the literature and contacting the local
- Instructors or experts may be consulted on the organization, layout, and
content of your presentation at any time, but you will be solely responsible
for the final product. Materials used in presentations should be drawn mostly
from published materials (journal papers, preprints, etc.). Photos, figures,
plots and other information can be obtained from web pages. However, students
are strongly discouraged from directly using other people's transparencies,
including those from an expert adviser.
- Students are strongly encouraged to arrange a practice
talk in front of fellow students a few days preceding their
presentation. Practice the correct presentation: attitude,
position, volume, speed, and timing!
- See the
of suggestions for hints to help prepare slides for a good presentation.
- You are encouraged to provide an electronic version of the talk in PDF to
be posted on the web page.
- Scheduled talks may not be postponed.
- Students must meet with an instructor and turn in an electronic
abstract at least one week preceding the talk.
- Students must attend all
attendance will be taken.
- Students are encouraged to ask questions and give criticisms of talks.
participation will be part of the grade.
- Physics content of presentation: 50%
- Presentation quality of the talk: 30%
- Quality of the Abstract: 10%
- Active participation in class discussion 10%
- Attendance will be taken. Unexcused absences will result in a lower grade
Any excuses (medical or otherwise) are to be documented, and discussed with
the instructors in a timely manner. If you have a physical, psychological,
medical or learning disability that may impact on your ability to carry out
assigned course work, we urge that you contact the staff in the Disabled
Student Services office (DSS), Room 133 Humanities, 632-6748/TDD. DSS will
review your concerns and determine, with you, what accommodations are necessary
and appropriate. All information and documentation of disability is
Topics in Nuclear Physics
- The Phase-Diagram of Nuclear Matter:
- The QCD phase diagram exhibits a large number of different phases including
normal nuclear matter, dense hadron matter, quark gluon plasma, color super
conductors. Discuss the phase diagram and its characteristic features and their
theoretical basis. Explain which parts can be addressed by which experimental
- Jet Quenching:
- Particle jets arise from quarks or gluons scattered with large momentum
transfer. In heavy ion collisions the scattered quarks and gluons traverse
matter and should lose a large amount of energy if the density is high. Jet
quenching was recently observed in PHENIX. Discuss the result, focusing on
either theoretical or experimental aspects. (Drees, Jacak)
- J/Psi suppression, a signature for deconfinement of
- In collisions of heavy ions fewer J/psi mesons are produced than expected
from summing independent nucleon-nucleon collisions. This was predicted as a
signature of quark-gluon plasma formation. Briefly describe the concept of
quark gluon plasma. Discuss the mechanism of suppression of the J/psi and
recent data. (Drees, Jacak)
- Electromagnetic Radiation from Hot, Dense Nuclear Matter:
- Enhanced radiation of lepton pairs from the hot and dense reaction volume
created in collision of nuclei was discovered at CERN. The data indicate
melting of the QCD vacuum and therefore the presence of a QCD phase transition.
Show the experimental results and interpretations. (Drees, Hemmick, Rapp,
- Statistical Mechanics of Nuclear Collisions:
- The number and spectra of particles produced in heavy ion collisions is
well described by statistical emission from an equilibrated gas of hadrons.
Data indicate that hadrons decouple at a temperature near 170 MeV, near the QCD
phase transition between quarks and hadrons. Describe the measurements,
statistical analysis and interpretation. (Shuryak, Jacak,
- Particle Interferometry:
- The space-time extent of the collision region formed in nuclear reactions
can be studied by measuring the interference between two identical outgoing
particles. Measurements at RHIC show a surprise: the sizes are no larger than
at lower energy, even though RHIC produces more particles and more explosive
collisions. Explain the technique and discuss the recent results. (Jacak,
Hemmick, Brown, Shuryak)
- Elliptic Flow of Matter
- The high particle multiplicity in heavy ion collisions produces high
pressure and non-isotropic particle emission patterns. The anisotropy at RHIC
is large and indicates rapid equilibration followed by hydrodynamic expansion.
Discuss the phenomenon and to what extent it indicates quark gluon plasma
formation. (Shuryak, Hemmick)
- Where are the quarks inside nuclei?
- Discuss scattering of leptons from nuclei and dilepton production via the
Drell-Yan process to probe quark and antiquark distributions. What do we learn
from such data about the quark structure functions, and what is the effect of
the nuclear medium? (Jacak, Marx)
- Where is the spin of the proton?
- Results from deep inelastic scattering experiments using polarized
electrons and polarized protons indicate that the quark spin contribution to
the spin of the proton is essentially zero. Review these experiments and
discuss upcoming attempts at Brookhaven to measure the polarization of gluons
inside the proton. (Deshpande, Jacak, Shuryak)
- Measurements of the Electron Neutrino Mass:
- Discuss the various experiments to measure electron neutrino masses from
beta-decay endpoint measurements and double-beta decay. Give the latest results
and discuss the relation of these results to the recent observations of
neutrino oscillations. (Shrock, Jung)
- Parity Non-conservation in Atoms:
- The strength of parity violating transitions in atoms allow determination
of standard-model parameters at low q-squared. Discuss the experiments and the
model sensitivities. (Sprouse)
- Nuclear Sizes and Moments from Hyperfine Laser
- Precise data on nuclear charge radii and electromagnetic moments can be
obtained from hyperfine spectroscopy using lasers. Discuss how these
experiments are done. Give examples of deduced nuclear properties such as the
nuclear compressibility. Also discuss the use of laser spectroscopy to trap
radioactive ions to study parity non-conservation in atomic transitions.
- Giant Resonances as a Nuclear Clock:
- Discuss how measurements of the strength of Giant Dipole Resonance in hot
heavy large nuclei can be used to time large scale nuclear motion as
exemplified by the fission process. Discuss how these measurements can be
translated into a nuclear dissipation as a function of nuclear temperature and
relate the results in terms of various fundamental models for dissipation in
nuclear matter. (Jacak, Paul)
- Super-Heavy Nuclei:
- Well-founded nuclear model calculations have predicted a stable (lifetimes
between 1 and 100 years) island of very heavy nuclei near Z--114 and A--300. A
few such nuclei have recently been detected. Discuss the theoretical basis for
the super-heavy island and the possible approaches to it by use of heavy ion
reactions. Discuss the (somewhat controversial) results from recent
experiments. (Sprouse, Jacak)
- Nuclear Liquid-Gas Phase Transition:
- Under the influence of heat and pressure nuclear matter is expected to
undergo a liquid-gas phase transition. This is the boiling point of nuclear
matter. Report on recent experiment showing fragmentation of nuclei into large
clusters (droplets) at intermediate energies (several 100 MeV/u) which are
interpreted in terms of such a phase transition. Discuss the theoretical
connection of these experiments with a phase transition from a nuclear liquid
to a nuclear gas phase. (Jacak)
- Color Superconductivity and QCD at High Density:
- Quark matter at high density is believed to display a number of interesting
phases, with quark Cooper pairs condensing like in an ordinary superconductor.
Those pairs are diquarks which are already observed inside the ordinary
- Multiquark Hadrons:
- In summer 2003 the long predicted truly exotic hadron was observed, the
pentaquark with the quark content uudd anti-s. Several other experiments since
that time have seen it, and new members of that family has been discovered.
Their light mass and very small widths provide challanges to hadronic models.
Topics in Elementary Particle Physics
- Discovery of the Top Quark:
- Discuss the discovery and the measurements of top quark production cross
section and the top quark mass by the DØ and CDF experiments. Discuss
the signatures and methods used, and the significance of the precise
measurement of the top quark mass for the prediction of the Higgs boson mass.
- Search for the Higgs Boson:
- Discuss the search for the Standard Model Higgs boson carried out at LEP,
at the upgraded TeVatron, and at the Large Hadron Collider. What are the
different strategies as function of the mass and the prospects for success?
- Precision Measurement of the Z Boson Parameters:
- Measurements at the SLAC SLC collider and the CERN LEP collider of the Z
boson mass, width, and production cross section. Relevance to tests of the
Standard Model. (Hobbs, Rijssenbeek, Gonzalez-Garcia)
- Quantum Chromo-Dynamics:
- Discuss the gauge theory of QCD. Discuss recent results on high energy jet
production in the framework of perturbative QCD calculations and experimental
measurement techniques by the DØ and CDF collaborations. (McCarthy,
- Large Extra dimensions and Grand Unification at the Electroweak
- Discuss the recent theoretical developments in trying to obtain Grand
Unification of the elementary forces in the neighborhood of the electroweak
scale (1 TeV) by postulating the existence of "large" (µm to mm)
extra dimensions. Review existing and ongoing experimental research in gravity
at the sub-millimeter scale, and predictions for physics at the Tevatron and
the large hadron collider LHC at CERN. (Van Nieuwenhuizen, Hobbs,
- Parton Structure of the Proton:
- How do we measure the quark and gluon distributions in the proton? How do
they vary with q-squared? What is the spin content of the proton?
- Precision Measurement of the W Boson Mass:
- Discuss the precision measurement of the W mass at the FNAL TeVatron
collider by the DØ and CDF collaborations and by the four LEP
collaborations. Discuss the measurement methods and the achieved precision.
Explain its importance as a test of the Standard Model, as well as the ultimate
test of one's understanding of the detector.. (Rijssenbeek, McCarthy)
- Detection of Neutrinos from the Sun:
- Discuss the major ongoing experiments (Super-Kamiokande, SNO, Davis,
Gallex/GNO, Sage) that measure the flux of solar neutrinos. Give their latest
results and the implications of these results on standard solar models and the
Standard Electroweak model. Summarize the concrete plans for new experiments.
(Jung, McGrew, Yanagisawa, Gonzalez-Garcia)
- Detection of Neutrinos from Supernovae:
- Neutrinos from the supernova SN1987a are the only astrophysical neutrinos
observed other than solar neutrinos. Discuss the supernova neutrino production
mechanism, observation of neutrinos from SN1987a, experimental observation
methods and future prospects. (Jung, Yanagisawa, Lattimer)
- Atmospheric Neutrinos and Neutrino Oscillations:
- Discuss the origin of atmospheric neutrinos and the expected fluxes of
electron-type and muon-type neutrinos. Discuss the experimental measurements
that differ from the predicted values and possible explanations for the
discrepancy. And finally discuss the recent Super-Kamiokande results that show
evidence for neutrino oscillations, and supporting evidences from other
experiments. (Jung, McGrew, Yanagisawa,Gonzalez-Garcia)
- Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiments and Lepton Mixing
- Observations of neutrino oscillations by the underground experiments in the
atmospheric and solar neutrinos have revolutionized the particle physics. There
are efforts to further confirm this findings using accelerator produced
neutrino beams and to measure the lepton mixing matrix elements, which doesn't
exist in the Standard Model. Give the latest results from the K2K experiment
and summarize the plans for new experiments (MINOS, CNGS and JHFnu). (Jung,
McGrew, Yanagisawa, Shrock, Gonzalez-Garcia)
- The Nature and Magnitude of the Neutrino Mass:
- The neutrino oscillation signal observed by several experiments implies
that neutrinos have a small, but finite mass. Discuss the implication of
neutrino mass for the standard model of particle physics and what is known
about the mass from neutrino oscillation experiments, direct mass searches,and
neutrinoless double beta-decay experiments. Describe the experimental
techniques use in either a direct mass, or a double beta-decay
- Ultra High Energy Cosmic Ray Events:
- There are two ground based experiments: AGASA and HiRES that claim to
observe cosmic ray events beyond so called "GZK cut-off". These
events are the highest known particle interaction events (~1020 eV).
Explain the GZK cut-off. Give the latest results from these experiments and
explore possible scenarios/explanations for these extraordinary events.
Summarize the plans for new experiments. (Forman, Jung, McGrew, Yanagisawa,
- Search for Proton Decay:
- Discuss why many GUT theories require proton decay. Give an overview of the
experimental situation, and present the current results and limits. (Jung,
McGrew, Yanagisawa, Shrock)
- Search for Supersymmetric Particles:
- Discuss the basic concepts of supersymmetry, and search techniques. Present
recent results and future prospects for the discovery of supersymmetry.
(Hobbs, Jung, van Nieuwenhuizen, Shrock)
- CP Violation in K Decay:
- Review the evidence for CP violation and outline the phenomenology of the
K0-anti-K0 system. Discuss recent measurements of CP violation and the prospect
for further progress. (McCarthy, Shrock)
- Mixing and CP Violation in the B-Bbar System:
- Description of the theoretical basis and experimental techniques, including
recent results and future prospects with the Fermilab TeVatron Collider
detectors and B-factories. (Hobbs, Rijssenbeek, Smith)
- g-2 Experiment:
- Review the current status of the BNL g-2 experiment and its interpretation
as indirect evidence for SUSY production. Why is this important? (McCarthy,
Topics in Astronomy
Last Updated: August 30, 2005
- Kuiper Belt Objects:
- Discuss how they were detected and their significance to our solar system.
- Supermassive Nuclear Black Holes:
- Discuss evidence for their existence in both active and quiescent galaxies.
- High-redshift Galaxies:
- The formation and early evolution of galaxies. (Lanzetta)
- Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis:
- Describe the present understanding of nucleosynthesis and discuss resulting
constraints on particle physics and cosmology. (Lanzetta)
- Quasar Absorption Lines:
- What do they tell us about intervening galaxies and gas.
- Discuss the process of explosive star death in detail. Or, discuss the
observational and theoretical understanding of how the ejecta interact with the
interstellar medium, and produce what we see as supernova remnants.
- Neutron (Quark?) Stars:
- Discuss the structure, "birth", and evolution of neutron stars.
Discuss recent measurements of the radius of an isolated nearby neutron star.
(Lattimer, Walter, Brown)
- Ultra-luminous Infrared Galaxies:
- Ultra-luminous infrared galaxies have total luminosities that rival those
of quasars. Discuss what they are and how they were detected. (Solomon,
- Star Formation and Chemical Enrichment:
- Discuss the process of star formation and formation of the natural elements
(nucleo-synthesis) during the epoch of galaxy formation. (Solomon)
- The Inflation Paradigm:
- What is it and what does it predict? (Yahil)
- Dark Matter in Galaxies:
- Discuss the discovery of invisible ("dark") matter in our and
other galaxies. Discuss its proposed distribution and form, and the various
proposed types of dark matter. What are its cosmological implications?
- Gravitational Lensing:
- Discuss the phenomenon, origin, discovery and use of gravitational
macro-lensing. Discuss lensing by galaxies and clusters of galaxies.
Alternatively, discuss observations of gravitational micro-lensing towards the
galactic bulge and Magellanic closed. What have we learned from these about the
structure of ordinary and dark matter in and around our Galaxy?
- Microwave Background, its Fluctuations and Dark Energy:
- Discuss the discovery of the cosmic microwave background. Focus on recent
measurements of the fluctuations of the microwave background. Include recent
balloon experiment results. What are the cosmological implications of these
- Gamma-ray Bursts:
- Discuss the basic properties of gamma-ray bursts and the post-1997
developments in our understanding of these cosmic fireworks. (Brown,
- Extrasolar Planets:
- Discuss the techniques used to find planets around other stars, the results
of searches to date, and the implications for our understanding of solar-system
- Gravity Waves:
- Discuss the theoretical relevance of gravity waves, the likely
astrophysical sources of gravity waves, and past and future progress towards
detecting them. (Lattimer)
- Supernovae and the accelerating universe:
- Give a critical assessment of recent evidence from supernova studies that
the cosmological constant is non-zero, and discuss the implications of a
non-zero cosmological constant. (Lanzetta, Yahil)
- Star and Planet Formation:
- Describe what we know about the process. In particular, discuss what
chondrules tell us about the conditions in the early solar system.
- Solar flares:
- What new light do the recent TRACE images/movies throw on the interaction
between magnetic fields and the plasma in the solar atmosphere?
- Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays:
- Cosmic acceleration mechanisms and the propagation of charged particles
from their origin to us. (Forman)
||Math Tower 6-115A
|Chang Kee Jung
|Peter van Nieuwenhuizen