PHY599: Graduate Seminar II: (Nuclear, Particle, Astronomy)
Place and Time: Monday 4:00-5:20 in P-112
Course Web Page: http://www.astro.sunysb.edu/acalder/phy599/
- Prof. Dmitri Kharzeev
- Email: Dmitri.Kharzeev "at" stonybrook.edu, Office: C142a Phone: 2-8118
- Prof. Alan Calder
- Email: alan.calder "at" stonybrook.edu, Office: ESS 438, Phone: 2-1176
- Obtain experience in giving oral presentations.
- Learn some of what is happening in these fields.
- Learn about research activities at Stony Brook.
- Attend colloquia and learn about presentation/clarity.
For electronic article access, try the university license
to APS Journals (Physical Review)
electronic preprint archive at Los Alamos);
for searching published work in astronomy, the
service is excellent. For particle physics, the web sites of large experiments
can be helpful in finding publications.
- Each student will give one 30 minute talk, with
5-10 additional minutes to allow for questions and discussion
during and after the talk.
- Make sure to stay close to the allotted time, but don't exceed the time
limit. Be aware that if you speak for significantly longer than the alloted
time, you may be interrupted and not be allowed to finish your presentation.
This is a constraint that is consistent with the practices at many conferences.
- Make sure you have a goal with the presentation: present the essential
(new) physics, provide connections (previous data/theory), present the
underlying concepts, and give a compact summary.
- Your fellow students must be able to learn something (new) from your
presentation: make sure you start at a general level of knowledge.
- Avoid long and complex derivations; provide the essence or the outline of
derivations if needed
- You are responsible for researching the literature and contacting the local
- Instructors or experts may be consulted on the organization, layout, and
content of your presentation at any time, but you will be solely responsible
for the final product. Materials used in presentations should be drawn mostly
from published materials (journal papers, preprints, etc.). Photos, figures,
plots and other information can be obtained from web pages. However, students
are strongly discouraged from directly using other people's transparencies,
including those from an expert adviser.
- Students are strongly encouraged to arrange a practice
talk in front of fellow students a few days preceding their
presentation. Practice the correct presentation: attitude,
position, volume, speed, and timing!
- See the
of suggestions for hints to help prepare slides for a good presentation.
- You are encouraged to provide an electronic version of the talk in PDF to
be posted on the web page.
- Scheduled talks may not be postponed.
- Students must meet with an instructor and turn in an electronic
abstract at least one week preceding the talk.
- Prepare a APS formatted abstract with the proper references. Note
that one may now go to the APS website and submit an abstract to the
"Test" meeting. To do this, go to the
abstract submission page, click
"Start Abstract Submission," select TEST meeting, and follow the
instructions. If you go all the way through and submit, you
can then select "view submission file" to see the LaTeX. You
may then use that file to produce an abstract for the class.
(Here is an example LATEX
source that will build with
- Students must attend all talks; attendance will be taken.
- Students are encouraged to ask questions and give criticisms of talks.
Active participation will be part of the grade.
- Physics content of presentation: 50%
- Presentation quality of the talk: 30%
- Quality of the Abstract: 10%
- Active participation in class discussion 10%
- Attendance will be taken. Unexcused absences will result in a lower grade
- Any excuses (medical or otherwise) are to be documented and discussed with
the instructors in a timely manner.
Standard Syllabus Information:
If you have a physical, psychological,
medical, or learning disability that may impact your course work, please
contact Disability Support Services (631) 632-6748 or http://studentaffairs.stonybrook.edu/dss/.
They will determine with you what accommodations are necessary and appropriate.
All information and documentation is confidential.
Students who require assistance
during emergency evacuation are encouraged to discuss their needs with
their professors and Disability Support Services. For procedures
and information go to the following website: http://www.stonybrook.edu/ehs/fire/disabilities/asp.
Each student must pursue his
or her academic goals honestly and be personally accountable for all
submitted work. Representing another person's work as your own is always
wrong. Faculty are required to report any suspected instance of academic
dishonesty to the Academic Judiciary. For more comprehensive information
on academic integrity, including categories of academic dishonesty,
please refer to the academic judiciary website at http://www.stonybrook.edu/uaa/academicjudiciary/
Stony Brook University expects
students to respect the rights, privileges, and property of other people.
Faculty are required to report to the Office of Judicial Affairs any
disruptive behavior that interrupts their ability to teach, compromises
the safety of the learning environment, and/or inhibits students' ability
Topics in Nuclear Physics
- The Phase-Diagram of Nuclear Matter:
- The QCD phase diagram exhibits a large number of different phases
including normal nuclear matter, dense hadron matter, quark gluon plasma,
color super conductors. Discuss the phase diagram and its characteristic
features and their theoretical basis. Explain which parts can be addressed
by which experimental techniques.
(Drees, Shuryak, Hemmick, Teaney, Kharzeev)
- The Perfect Fluid Created at RHIC:
- The hot, dense matter formed at RHIC has shown surprising properties. It is extremely opaque to colored probes (quarks and gluons) traversing it. The matter thermalizes incredibly quickly and behaves like a liquid with extremely small viscosity. Screening of the color charges does not appear to be complete. Similar properties are observed in strongly coupled plasmas, and are being studied using the correspondence of string theory and quantum field theory. Discuss either the experimental evidence for strongly coupled plasma formation or theoretical studies of its properties utilizing AdS/CFT correspondence.
(Zahed, Teaney, Shuryak, Jacak, Kharzeev)
- Quenching of Jets and Heavy Quark Energy Loss:
Jets of particles in the final state of a collision arise from quarks or gluons scattering with large momentum transfer. In heavy ion collisions the quarks or gluons lose a large amount of energy in the dense medium as they traverse it. Even the very heavy charm quarks experience huge energy losses, which is quite surprising. Furthermore, the deposited energy appears to create a sound wave in the medium. Discuss the results, focusing on either theoretical or experimental aspects.
(Drees, Jacak, Shuryak, Teaney, Kharzeev)
- J/Psi suppression, a signature for deconfinement of
- In collisions of heavy ions fewer J/psi mesons are produced than expected
from summing independent nucleon-nucleon collisions. This was predicted as a
signature of quark-gluon plasma formation. Briefly describe the concept of
quark gluon plasma. Discuss the mechanism of suppression of the J/psi and
recent data. (Drees, Hemmick, Kharzeev)
- Electromagnetic Radiation from Hot, Dense Nuclear Matter:
Enhanced radiation of lepton pairs from the hot and dense reaction volume created in collision of nuclei was observed at CERN and now also at RHIC. The data indicate melting of the QCD vacuum and therefore the presence of a QCD phase transition. Show the experimental results and interpretations.
(Drees, Hemmick, Brown, Zahed, Kharzeev)
- Statistical Mechanics of Nuclear Collisions:
- The number and spectra of particles produced in heavy ion collisions is
well described by statistical emission from an equilibrated gas of hadrons.
Data indicate that hadrons decouple at a temperature near 170 MeV, near the QCD
phase transition between quarks and hadrons. Describe the measurements,
statistical analysis and interpretation. (Shuryak, Jacak,
- Particle Interferometry:
- The space-time extent of the collision region formed in nuclear reactions
can be studied by measuring the interference between two identical outgoing
particles. Measurements at RHIC show a surprise: the sizes are no larger than
at lower energy, even though RHIC produces more particles and more explosive
collisions. Explain the technique and discuss the recent results. (Teaney, Jacak,
- Collective Flow of Quark Gluon Plasma
Heavy ion collisions produce high pressure and hydrodynamic flow, resulting in non-isotropic particle emission patterns. The anisotropy at RHIC is large and indicates rapid equilibration and very low viscosity followed by hydrodynamic expansion. Discuss the phenomenon and how plasma parameters are extracted from it.
(Teaney, Shuryak, Hemmick, Kharzeev)
- Strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma(s)
- The AdS/CFT correspondence and applications to strongly coupled plasmas.
(Teaney, Shuryak, Kharzeev)
- Color Superconductivity and QCD at High Density
Quark matter at high density is believed to display a number of interesting phases, with quark Cooper pairs condensing like in an ordinary superconductor. Those pairs are diquarks which are already observed inside the ordinary nucleons.
(Zahed, Shuryak, Kharzeev)
- Where are the quarks inside nuclei?
- Discuss scattering of leptons from nuclei and dilepton production via the
Drell-Yan process to probe quark and antiquark distributions. What do we learn
from such data about the quark structure functions, and what is the effect of
the nuclear medium? (Deshpande, Jacak, Kharzeev)
- Where is the spin of the proton?
Results from deep inelastic scattering experiments using longitudinally polarized electrons and polarized protons indicate that the quark spin contribution to the spin of the proton is essentially zero. This result is commonly referred to as the â€śSpin Crisisâ€ť. The gluons contribution to the proton spin is studied with polarized protons at RHIC. Review the DIS and polarized proton experiments and results.
(Deshpande, Shuryak, Kharzeev)
- What is the role of anti-quarks in determining the proton spin?
Polarized deep inelastic scattering experiments can not distinguish between quark
and anti-quark spin contributions, since the interactions carriers (virtual photons, in DIS) do not carry color charge. A recent Fermilab experiment suggests that the anti-down and anti-up quarks have substantially different linear momentum distributions at high energies, indicating that the spins carried by quarks and anti-quarks probably do not cancel. Review these results and discuss how RHIC spin program at BNL plans to measure the anti-quark (ubar and dbar) spin contributions separately.
(Deshpande, Shuryak, Kharzeev)
- What is the transverse spin structure of the proton?
Results from *transversely* polarized proton-proton and electron-proton scattering experiments have measured large left-right asymmetries in particle
production in the final state. A comprehensive understanding of these observations is key to the three dimensional structure of the proton, including
quark and gluon orbital angular momentum contribution to the proton spin. Review these experimental observations and discuss attempts to understand the transverse spin structure of the proton at Brookhaven or/and at Jefferson Laboratory.
(Deshpande, Jacak, Shuryak, Kharzeev)
- Measurements of the Electron Neutrino Mass:
- Discuss the various experiments to measure electron neutrino masses from
beta-decay endpoint measurements and double-beta decay. Give the latest results
and discuss the relation of these results to the recent observations of
neutrino oscillations. (Shrock, Jung)
- Super-Heavy Nuclei:
Well-founded nuclear model calculations have predicted a stable (lifetimes between 1 and 100 years) island of very heavy nuclei near Z--114 and A--300. A few such nuclei have recently been detected. Discuss the theoretical basis for the super-heavy island and the possible approaches to it by use of heavy ion reactions. Discuss the results from recent experiments.
- Nuclear Liquid-Gas Phase Transition:
Under the influence of heat and pressure nuclear matter is expected to undergo a liquid-gas phase transition. This is the boiling point of nuclear matter. Report on recent experiment showing fragmentation of nuclei into large clusters (droplets) at intermediate energies (several 100 MeV/u) which are interpreted in terms of such a phase transition. Discuss the theoretical connection of these experiments with a phase transition from a nuclear liquid to a nuclear gas phase.
Topics in Elementary Particle Physics
- Discovery of the Top Quark:
- Discuss the discovery and the measurements of top quark production cross
section and the top quark mass by the DØ and CDF experiments. Discuss
the signatures and methods used, and the significance of the precise
measurement of the top quark mass for the prediction of the Higgs boson mass.
- Search for the Higgs Boson:
- Discuss the search for the Standard Model Higgs boson carried out at LEP,
at the upgraded TeVatron, and at the Large Hadron Collider. What are the
different strategies as function of the mass and the prospects for success?
- Precision Measurement of the Z Boson Parameters:
- Measurements at the SLAC SLC collider and the CERN LEP collider of the Z
boson mass, width, and production cross section. Relevance to tests of the
Standard Model. (Hobbs, Rijssenbeek, Gonzalez-Garcia)
- Quantum Chromo-Dynamics:
- Discuss the gauge theory of QCD. Discuss recent results on high energy jet
production in the framework of perturbative QCD calculations and experimental
measurement techniques by the DØ and CDF collaborations. (McCarthy,
- Large Extra dimensions and Grand Unification at the Electroweak Scale:
- Discuss the recent theoretical developments in trying to obtain Grand
Unification of the elementary forces in the neighborhood of the electroweak
scale (1 TeV) by postulating the existence of "large" (µm to mm)
extra dimensions. Review existing and ongoing experimental research in gravity
at the sub-millimeter scale, and predictions for physics at the Tevatron and
the large hadron collider LHC at CERN. (Van Nieuwenhuizen, Hobbs,
- Parton Structure of the Proton:
- How do we measure the quark and gluon distributions in the proton? How do
they vary with q-squared? What is the spin content of the proton?
- Precision Measurement of the W Boson Mass:
- Discuss the precision measurement of the W mass at the FNAL TeVatron
collider by the DØ and CDF collaborations and by the four LEP
collaborations. Discuss the measurement methods and the achieved precision.
Explain its importance as a test of the Standard Model, as well as the ultimate
test of one's understanding of the detector.. (Rijssenbeek, McCarthy)
- Ice Fishing for Neutrinos:
- Discuss the origin of high energy extraterrestrial neutrinos and their expected fluxes.
Discuss the experimental observation methods and recent results from IceCube, one cubic
kilometer detector recently constructed at the
South Pole in Antarctica.
- Detection of Neutrinos from the Sun:
- Discuss the major ongoing experiments (Super-Kamiokande, SNO, Davis,
Gallex/GNO, Sage) that measure the flux of solar neutrinos. Give their latest
results and the implications of these results on standard solar models and the
Standard Electroweak model. Summarize the concrete plans for new experiments.
(Jung, McGrew, Yanagisawa, Gonzalez-Garcia)
- Detection of Neutrinos from Supernovae:
- Neutrinos from the supernova SN1987a are the only astrophysical neutrinos
observed other than solar neutrinos. Discuss the supernova neutrino production
mechanism, observation of neutrinos from SN1987a, experimental observation
methods and future prospects. (Jung, Yanagisawa)
- Atmospheric Neutrinos and Neutrino Oscillations:
- Discuss the origin of atmospheric neutrinos and the expected fluxes of
electron-type and muon-type neutrinos. Discuss the experimental measurements
that differ from the predicted values and possible explanations for the
discrepancy. And finally discuss the recent Super-Kamiokande results that show
evidence for neutrino oscillations, and supporting evidences from other
experiments. (Jung, McGrew, Yanagisawa,Gonzalez-Garcia)
- Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiments and Lepton Mixing Matrix:
- Observations of neutrino oscillations by the underground experiments in the
atmospheric and solar neutrinos have revolutionized the particle physics. There
are efforts to further confirm this findings using accelerator produced
neutrino beams and to measure the lepton mixing matrix elements, which doesn't
exist in the Standard Model. Give the latest results from the K2K experiment
and summarize the plans for new experiments (MINOS, CNGS and JHFnu). (Jung,
McGrew, Yanagisawa, Shrock, Gonzalez-Garcia)
- The Nature and Magnitude of the Neutrino Mass:
- The neutrino oscillation signal observed by several experiments implies
that neutrinos have a small, but finite mass. Discuss the implication of
neutrino mass for the standard model of particle physics and what is known
about the mass from neutrino oscillation experiments, direct mass searches,and
neutrinoless double beta-decay experiments. Describe the experimental
techniques use in either a direct mass, or a double beta-decay
- Ultra High Energy Cosmic Ray Events:
- Two ground based experiments: AGASA and HiRES have claimed to
observe cosmic ray events beyond so called "GZK cut-off". These
events are the highest known particle interaction events (~1020 eV).
Explain the GZK cut-off. Give the latest results from these experiments and
explore possible scenarios/explanations for these extraordinary events.
Summarize the plans for new experiments. (Jung, McGrew, Yanagisawa,
- Search for Proton Decay:
- Discuss why many GUT theories require proton decay. Give an overview of the
experimental situation, and present the current results and limits. (Jung,
McGrew, Yanagisawa, Shrock)
- Search for Supersymmetric Particles:
- Discuss the basic concepts of supersymmetry, and search techniques. Present
recent results and future prospects for the discovery of supersymmetry.
(Hobbs, Jung, van Nieuwenhuizen, Shrock)
- CP Violation in K Decay:
- Review the evidence for CP violation and outline the phenomenology of the
K0-anti-K0 system. Discuss recent measurements of CP violation and the prospect
for further progress. (McCarthy, Shrock)
- Mixing and CP Violation in the B-Bbar System:
- Description of the theoretical basis and experimental techniques, including
recent results and future prospects with the Fermilab TeVatron Collider
detectors and B-factories. (Hobbs, Rijssenbeek, Smith)
- g-2 Experiment:
- Review the current status of the BNL g-2 experiment and its interpretation
as indirect evidence for SUSY production. Why is this important? (McCarthy,
- String Theory:
- Review string theories and dualities. Describe M theory.
Topics in Astronomy
- High-redshift Galaxies:
- The formation and early evolution of galaxies. (Lanzetta)
- Galactic Black Hole Binaries:
- X-ray observations of binary black hole systems present challenges
to conventional theory. Describe the issues and possible solutions.
- Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis:
- Describe the present understanding of nucleosynthesis and discuss resulting
constraints on particle physics and cosmology. (Lanzetta)
- Quasar Absorption Lines:
- What do they tell us about intervening galaxies and gas.
- Type II Supernovae:
- Discuss the process of explosive star death in detail. Or, discuss the
observational and theoretical understanding of how the ejecta interact with the
interstellar medium, and produce what we see as supernova remnants.
(Swesty, Brown, Calder)
- Neutron (Quark?) Stars:
- Discuss the structure, "birth", and evolution of neutron stars.
Discuss recent measurements of the radius of an isolated nearby neutron star.
(Walter, Brown, Lattimer)
- Dark Matter in Galaxies:
- Discuss the discovery of invisible ("dark") matter in our and
other galaxies. Discuss its proposed distribution and form, and the various
proposed types of dark matter. What are its cosmological implications?
- Microwave Background, its Fluctuations and Dark Energy:
- Discuss the discovery of the cosmic microwave background. Focus on recent
measurements of the fluctuations of the microwave background. Include recent
balloon experiment results. What are the cosmological implications of these
- Gamma-ray Bursts:
- Discuss the basic properties of gamma-ray bursts and the post-1997
developments in our understanding of these cosmic
fireworks. (Brown, Lattimer)
- Extrasolar Planets:
- Discuss the techniques used to find planets around other stars, the results
of searches to date, and the implications for our understanding of solar-system
formation. (Peterson, Simon)
- Type Ia Supernovae and the Accelerating Universe:
- Give a critical assessment of recent evidence from supernova studies that
the cosmological constant is non-zero, and discuss the implications of a
non-zero cosmological constant. (Lanzetta)
- Type Ia Supernovae Explosion Models:
- Describe the theoretical picture of a Type Ia supernova explosion. Discuss the current outstanding questions.
- Type I X-ray Bursts:
- Explain the physics of Type I X-ray bursts, summarizing the observational properties and the theoretical model. Explain their importance in determining the properties of the underlying neutron star.
- Classical Novae:
- Describe classical novae and their role in the production of
intermediate mass elements. Discuss the underlying theory and the problem of
(Zingale, Calder, Walter)
- Star and Planet Formation:
- Describe what we know about the process, including the role
of the interstellar medium and the nature of circumstellar disks.
(Metchev, Walter, Simon)
- Solar flares:
- What new light do the recent TRACE images/movies throw on the interaction
between magnetic fields and the plasma in the solar atmosphere?
- Accretion Processes from an Observations Point of View
- Mass transfer in cataclysmic variables and X-ray binaries.
Includes classical novae and X-ray bursters. Also accretion in
pre-main sequence stars. Active and passive disks. (Walter)
- Brown Dwarfs
- What they are and how they form. Describe their atmospheric
characteristics. (Metchev, Walter, Simon)
- Magnetic Processes in Stellar Atmospheres
- Stellar chromospheres and coronae. Magnetic activity (could
subsume the stellar flares topic). Magnetic dynamos. Evolution of
magnetic activity. (Walter)
- Is Pluto a planet?
- Pluto was recently declared a "dwarf planet." Why is this
important? Kuiper Belt objects and observations thereof. (Simon)
- Gravitational Radiation
- Discuss the concept of gravitational radiation, the astrophysical
sources of gravitational radiation and/or the physics and design of
gravitational wave detectors, including methods of extracting super-weak
signals (Lattimer, Swesty, Calder)
Topics in Accelerator Physics
Last Updated: August 24, 2013
||Math Tower 6-115A
|Chang Kee Jung
|Peter van Nieuwenhuizen